María Jimena Cruz

Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

María Jimena Cruz took her bachelor’s degree in Anthropological Sciences (with a specialization in Archaeology) in the year 2011 at the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina and completed her master’s degree in Anthropology with historical archaeology orientation at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil in the year 2014. At present, she is finishing her PhD degree in Anthropology with historical archaeological orientation in the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. She has focused on Antarctic archaeology from her first works until the present, studying the early exploration and exploitation of the South Shetland Islands by 19th-century sealers. In the year 2007 she became member of the Argentinean Research Project in Antarctic Archaeology, conducted by Dr. María Ximena Senatore and Dr. Andrés Zarankin. Since the year 2012, she is member of the “Landscapes in White” International Research Project, directed by Andrés Zarankin and located in the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. She has been developing a research related with the archaeology of alimentation, more specifically, she discusses how the sealer’s group established a relation with Antarctica through food. Moreover, in recent years, she together with other team members, have been developing new ways of using digital technologies in the research conducted in the Antarctic fieldwork as well as in the laboratory. This effort includes the use of mapping technologies, such as 3-D scanners, total station and Geographical Information Systems.

Research projects/interests

White landscapes: Antarctic Archaeology and Anthropology Project

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Areas of interest

Historical archaeology,


Archaeological Method & Theory,

Antarctic History,

Antarctic sealing industry


Archaeology in Antarctica, sealing industry history, human sciences in Antarctica